Classifying goods and services

The new Finnish Trademarks Act entered into force on 1 May 2019. The information on this page may be partly inconsistent with the new Act. We will update our trademark pages in English by the end of May 2019. Up-to-date information is currently available in Finnish and in Swedish. Click on the links at the top of the page to change the language.

When applying for a trademark, you must always specify the goods or services (in Finnish or in Swedish) which you want to use the trademark for. In total, there are 45 different classes for goods and services. Classes 1–34 relate to goods and classes 35–45 to services. In your application you must specify which classes your goods and services are in.

This section includes information about how to choose the correct classes and how to describe your goods and services in the application.

Further details about the classification system, its grounds and sources of information are available here.

What is the purpose of classifying goods and services?

The classification system is most of all a tool for finding trademarks applied for registration or registered for similar goods or services. The exclusive right given by the registration is restricted to the goods and services the trademark covers.

Thus, registering a trademark does not give the owner a comprehensive right to prohibit others from using similar marks. Instead, the right applies primarily to using the trademark only for similar goods or services.

Two identical marks can be registered with the Trademark Register simultaneously and used on the market without contradiction if they cover different goods or services. For instance, the Eskimo trademark has been registered for ice cream in class 30, and also for clothing in class 25 by another trademark owner, because the goods covered by the registrations are completely different from each other.

Please note: An important exception to this main rule concerns trademarks with a reputation. Their owners may have the right to prohibit others from using similar marks, even if the goods or services were dissimilar. This exception aims to protect widely known trademarks against damage to and exploitation of their reputation.

How many classes can I include in my application?

For the basic application fee, you can register your trademark for one class. For each additional class you have to pay an additional fee.

The more goods and services you include in your application, the more likely we are to find obstacles when examining it before registration, and the more slowly we are able to process it.

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Latest update 06.05.2019