Classifying goods and services

When you apply for a trademark registration with the Finnish Patent and Registration Office (PRH), you must always list the goods or services which you want to use the trademark for.

All goods and services are divided into classes by certain criteria. The criteria include the purpose of the goods or the field of the services, for example. You can apply for a registration in one or more classes. In total, there are 45 classes. Classes 1–34 relate to goods and classes 35–45 to services. Your exclusive right to the trademark and its scope of protection cover the goods and services listed in your application.

This section provides information about how to choose the correct classes and how to describe your goods and services in the application.

Further details about the classification system, its grounds and sources of information are available on the page Classification principles and sources of information. If you need help, consult our advisory service for classification, tel. +358 29 509 5251, or by email at luokitusneuvonta@prh.fi.

What is the purpose of classifying goods and services?

Your exclusive right to the trademark and its scope of protection cover the goods and services listed in your application. Thus, a trademark registration does not give the owner a comprehensive right to prohibit others from using similar marks. Instead, the right applies primarily to using the trademark only for similar goods or services.

Two identical marks can be recorded in the Trademark Register simultaneously and be used in the market without contradiction, if they cover different goods or services.

Example: The Eskimo trademark has been registered for ice cream in class 30, and also for clothing in class 25 by another trademark owner. This is because the goods covered by the registrations are completely different from each other.

Please note: Trademarks with a reputation are an exception to this principle, as they can constitute an obstacle to the registration of the mark for even non-identical or dissimilar goods or services. The aim of this exception is to protect widely known trademarks against damage to and exploitation of their reputation.

The classification system is most of all a tool for finding trademarks being applied for or already registered for similar goods or services. The list of goods and services is used as an evaluation basis when, for example, a risk of confusion between trademarks is being investigated.

How many classes can I include in my application?

For an application fee, we can register your trademark in one class. For each additional class you have to pay an additional fee.

The more goods and services you include in your application, the more likely we are to find obstacles when examining it before registration, and the more slowly we are able to process it.

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Latest update 11.10.2019