Specifying goods and services in your application

Before filing your application, you must first determine the goods or services which you intend to use the trademark for. You can use a database like the TMclass database to find out which class your products belong to. Remember to indicate the goods or services clearly in your application in Finnish or in Swedish.

How do I choose the right class?

Before filing your application, you need to determine what products you already use the trademark for or possibly intend to use it for in the near future. Choose the goods and services for your application accordingly. If you use the trademark as a symbol for goods, choose from classes 1–34, and if you use it as a symbol for services, choose from classes 35–45.

Example 1: If you use the trademark for cars, the primary class is class 12, which includes cars as goods. If you use the mark as a symbol for a car rental service, the primary class is class 39, which includes car rental services.

Example 2: A computer software company wants to register a trademark. The company uses the mark as a symbol for the software and for custom-made programming services. It applies for the trademark in class 9 for goods with the term “computer software" and in class 42 for services with the term “computer software design and development".

We recommend that you only seek protection for those goods and services for which you really need it at present and in the near future. The more goods and services you include in your application, the more likely we are to find obstacles when examining it before registration, and the more slowly we are able to process it.

If you extend the range of goods or services at a later stage, you can submit a new application with a new list of goods.

Where can I get information and help with choosing the class?

In your application you must specify accurately what you want to protect with your trademark. For this purpose you need to sort your goods and services into groups according to which classes they belong to.

The class headings give you a general idea of how goods and services are divided into classes. Further details about the contents of each class are available in the general remarks and in the explanatory notes.

When drawing up your application, you can make use of TMclass, which is a database maintained by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) together with national authorities, or the classifying tool in our online application available in Finnish and in Swedish. These resources include classification terms (indications of goods and services) already approved by us at the Finnish Patent and Registration Office (PRH). You can speed up the application process by using these terms.

Please note: If you seek protection for a product which you are not sure how to classify, it is best you describe the term on the list of goods and services in your application, in order to make it clear that the product is included in the list. If you have classified the product incorrectly in your application, we will ask you to correct the classification in the office action.

Example: A company manufacturing snowshoes applies for a trademark and has classified the goods as "Class 25: Snowshoes" in the application. However, since snowshoes belong to class 28, the PRH sends an office action to advise the applicant to correct the classification to "Class 28: Snowshoes". If the applicant had indicated the classification as "Class 25: Clothing, footwear, headgear, snowshoes", the PRH would have advised the applicant to correct it to “Class 25: Clothing, footwear, headgear; Class 28: Snowshoes".

If you cannot find help by using TMclass or the classifying tool in our online application, you can consult our advisory service for classification. It is crucial that the classification is as correct as possible when you file your application, because you cannot extend it after the application has become pending. Instead, you can reduce the list of goods any time while the registration is valid.

Example: A company manufacturing snowshoes wants to register a trademark. The heading for class 25 is “Clothing, footwear, headgear". However, snowshoes are classified as sporting articles in class 28, the heading of which is "Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees". If the company applied for the trademark incorrectly in class 25, the application would not cover snowshoes.

If you need help, consult our advisory service for classification, tel. 029 509 5251. If you fail to reach the classifier, you can also ask for advice by email: neuvonta.tavaramerkki@prh.fi.

You cannot change the classification after filing your application

After the application has become pending, you can no longer extend the original list of goods and services with additional goods or services. If you want to protect the trademark later in respect of new goods or services, you must file a new application for them and pay the application fee again.

However, it is possible to reduce the list of goods and services. In other words, you can remove any goods or services included in your application whenever you want.

Example:

  • Class 25 “Clothing, footwear, headgear"
  • Class 25 “Clothing"
  • Class 25 “Outerclothing for men"
  • Class 25 “Anoraks for men"
Printable version
Latest update 03.10.2017